From Varela to Marti: Four nineteenth century Cuban emigre newspapers

 

Author McGovern, Eileen Marie
Title From Varela to Marti: Four nineteenth century Cuban emigre newspapers
Year 1990
Place Published Ann Arbor
University Temple University
Number of Pages 342 pages
Language English
Accession Number 303873092
Record Number 330
Keywords Communication and the arts
Social sciences
Newspapers
Martí , José
Varela, Félix, Padre
Mass media
Journalism
Latin American history
Latin American history
Journalism
Mass media
Abstract The nineteenth century Cuban emigre press played a seminal role in the unfolding of relations between Cuba and the United States. Four newspapers have been analyzed as representative of this period: El Mensagero Semanal, La Verdad, La Revolucion, and Patria. El Mensagero Semanal, (1828-1832), edited by Felix Varela and Jose Antionio Saco, highlights the initial stages of the independence movement when Cubans envisioned themselves as the final progeny of Bolivar and San Martin, the last of the Spanish colonies to be liberated from the Spanish yoke. La Verdad, also published in New York, was sponsored by Moses Yale Beach, the owner of the Sun. The newspaper agitated for the annexation of Cuba by the United States. Published from 1848-1853, La Verdad’s initial espousal of “Manifest Destiny” became tempered over the course of its run. La Revolucion (1869-1878) covered the period of the Ten Years’ War, serving as the organ of the New York revolutionary junta. The factionalism evidenced in the newspaper’s contents mirrored the disunity both within the emigre community and on the island where the war against Spain was crippled by a powerful minority who insisted that the western, sugar-producing provinces be spared. Abolition was also opposed by this same class whose wealth rested upon a slave labor base. Full democratization and espousal of equal status for blacks within the Cuban independence movement came only under the leadership of Jose Marti Using Patria (1892-1895) for consciousness-raising and political organization, Marti united both emigre and resident Cubans. His reforms, resting on an ethical base, encompassed social and economic as well as political change. Martis vision of the “redemptive Revolution” articulated in Patria continues to shape the course of Cuban history up to the present.
Notes Copyright – Copyright UMI – Dissertations Publishing 1990
Last updated – 2015-08-26
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